What is Semen Analysis?
Semen analysis is an important diagnostic procedure that is increasingly popular among men today. It is a critical tool for couples dealing with reproductive issues, such as when male factor infertility is identified as a significant cause of infertility in males.
Semen analysis also aids in the identification of concerns such as low sperm count, poor sperm motility, and aberrant morphology that can interfere with a woman's ability to conceive from her spouse.
Semen Analysis Parameters
In general, sperm should be examined after a minimum of 2 days and a maximum of 7 days of abstinence. An Andrologist is the professional who performs this test. It is very advised that he/she adhere to the WHO requirements for sperm analysis. The andrologist will check your sperm to determine the following factors:
A single ejaculate's normal semen volume should be at least 1.5 ml.
The quantity of sperms present in your sperm is referred to as the sperm count. One milliliter of sperm should contain at least 15 million sperms. Oligozoospermia is defined as a concentration less than that.
A typical sperm sample appears opalescent grey. Any variation from this to red or yellow-orange may suggest the presence of blood, illness, or other factors.
Semen's pH range
The normal pH of sperm is around 7.2. Infection or contamination is indicated by a higher or lower pH.
This pertains to the sperm's form, shape, and size. A typical sperm has an oval-shaped head, a neck or central section, and a single tail. To create a good embryo, all of these pieces must be perfectly shaped. At least 4% of the sperms in a typical sperm sample must have normal morphology. Teratozoospermia is a condition that occurs when the value is smaller than that.
The proportion of sperms in your sperm that can move is indicated by motility. A male with normal fertility should have at least 40% motile sperms. Asthenozoospermia is defined as a value less than that. This is a critical element since only motile sperms can finish the journey to fertilize an egg.
In conclusion, semen analysis is a vital diagnostic tool for assessing male fertility. It provides crucial information about sperm quantity and quality, aiding in the identification of potential issues affecting fertility. This non-invasive procedure guides the development of personalized treatment plans, from lifestyle adjustments to advanced reproductive technologies. By empowering individuals and couples with essential insights, semen analysis plays a key role in making informed decisions on their fertility journey. Ultimately, it contributes significantly to understanding and managing male reproductive health, offering hope for those seeking to start a family.
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