What is Infertility Testing or Workup?
If you are under the age of 35 and have been trying to conceive consistently for more than 12 months, or if you are over 35 and have been trying regularly for more than six months, you might consider seeing a fertility specialist for an infertility workup.
Infertility testing is the first step in determining all potential causes of infertility in a couple. Finding probable infertility difficulties will allow you to find answers, even if the unknown can be frightening, and your concerns may be serious if you are having difficulty conceiving. The fundamental step-by-step procedure shown below illustrates what to expect when scheduling your initial infertility workup.
Steps of Infertility Workup
Both parties are asked if they are taking any medications or have had any diseases, if they have had any previous pregnancies, if they use tobacco, alcohol, or drugs, what methods of birth control they use, how long they have been trying to get pregnant, and other questions.
Semen analysis and blood tests are performed to evaluate sperm and determine male reproductive potential. In some circumstances, an ultrasound is performed to determine whether there are any problems with the testicles.
Female screening tests
Progesterone levels, thyroid function, prolactin levels, and ovarian reserve are all measured using blood and urine testing.
Women's imaging tests
Ultrasound, sonohysterography, hysterosalpingography, hysteroscopy, and laparoscopy may be used to examine the reproductive organ's health.
Infertility testing also allow for concurrent treatment. A blocked fallopian tube, for example, may be opened with a hysterosalpingogram/hysteroscopy/laparoscopy. Once the true cause of infertility is identified, an appropriate treatment plan can be devised.
Complicated procedures, such as hysteroscopy or laparoscopy, may cause complications later on.
In conclusion, infertility testing or workup plays a crucial role in helping individuals and couples understand the underlying factors contributing to their difficulties in conceiving. Through a comprehensive evaluation of both partners, including medical history, physical examinations, and various diagnostic tests, healthcare professionals can identify potential causes of infertility and tailor treatment plans accordingly. The advancements in reproductive medicine have provided an array of effective interventions, ranging from lifestyle modifications and medications to assisted reproductive technologies. By undergoing infertility testing, individuals can gain valuable insights into their reproductive health, empowering them to make informed decisions and embark on a journey towards parenthood with the support of medical expertise and personalized treatment strategies. Ultimately, infertility testing serves as a pivotal step in the pursuit of fertility, offering hope and possibilities for those navigating the challenges of conception.
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