Causes of Female Infertility

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Female Infertility :

Female infertility is a major hindrance that can prevent couples from achieving their dream of parenthood. Usually, female infertility can be termed as the inability for a woman to conceive a child after having regular, unprotected intercourse after the age of 35. As medical sciences have advanced, there are several routes that a couple could take in order to pursue parenthood. However, the first step towards it is identifying symptoms and understanding the causes of female infertility, and consulting an experienced IVF doctor.

Our team at Pratham IVF has worked with several patients across the globe and offers a comprehensive understanding of female infertility.

Symptoms of Female infertility (besides the inability to become pregnant) :
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Severe pain during menstruation
  • Some hormonal fluctuations, causing skin issues, facial hair growth, and obesity.
  • Pain during sex

If you observe any of these symptoms from an early age, it is advisable to consult a doctor at the soonest.

Causes of Female Infertility :

Ovulation Disorders: One of the key reasons behind female infertility is having a disorder that prevents the eggs to behave in a desirable manner. There are several factors that can cause ovulation disorders that can lead to irregular ovulation or no ovulation at all.

  • Hormonal Imbalance
  • Ovarian Insufficiency
  • Over-production of prolactin

Endometriosis: Endometriosis is the condition when the uterine tissue, which is generally seen in the lining inside the uterus, is observed to be growing outside. Such a tissue, or a procedure for its removal can lead to the blockage of fallopian tubes. Further, this condition can also prevent the successful implantation of the fertilized egg which can cause infertility.

Fallopian Tube Blockage: Fallopian tubes are a critical component of a female’s reproductive system as they are responsible for the transportation of eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. If these tubes are damaged or blocked due to some reason, they can prevent the fertilization of the egg. Reasons for such damage could be:

  • Pelvic inflammation
  • Surgery involving your abdomen or pelvis.
  • Pelvic tuberculosis

Uterine Malformation: As the name suggests, if the shape of the uterine mal-formed, it could result in infertility. It is a leading cause of female infertility and must be examined carefully.

  • Polyps or benign tumors can block fallopian tubes. Further, it is possible that such tumors interfere with implantation affecting your fertility.
  • There are several anatomical anomalies of the uterus that could also be responsible for infertility.

Repeated Miscarriages: Repeated miscarriages can be considered to be a condition where a woman suffers from miscarriages for two or more frequencies. While many women face miscarriages, repeated miscarriages indicated the possibility of infertility who must consult a specialist to identify its cause. Conditions affecting the uterus, metabolic causes, environmental factors, infections, hormonal disorders, and clotting disorders can lead to miscarriages.

Irregular Periods: Irregular periods are a quite common phenomenon and do not always indicate a problem with a woman’s fertility. However, in some cases, there could be several hormonal imbalances that could cause irregular periods and could be an underlying cause for female infertility. In case you are experiencing irregular periods, it is best to consult a doctor and identify a possible course forward.


Meet Our IVF Experts


Dr. Dharmesh Kapadia

Sr.embryologist (Australia)

Dr. Kalpesh Kapadia

MCh Urologist (gold medalist)

Dr. Kaushal Kapadia

MS Gynec & Art Specialist

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First Step towards parenthood is absolutely free