What is fertile period ?
One of the most amazing things that happens to the human body is conception. To make the best decisions regarding one's reproductive life, it is helpful to have a basic awareness of normal fertility. This page provides a quick summary of the typical reproductive process, the length of time it takes to get pregnant, and advice on when to get help getting pregnant.
How does it all work?
The uterus, two fallopian tubes, and two ovaries make up the female reproductive system; they are all located in the pelvic region of the lower abdomen. Hormones released by the pituitary gland and brain control the activity of these organs. During a natural conception, an egg must be released from one of the ovaries (a process known as "ovulation") and taken up by the fallopian tube.
The fallopian tube, where the egg is waiting to be fertilized, is reached by the sperm after sexual activity around the time of ovulation. The joining of the egg and sperm, known as "fertilization," is the fundamental process of conception. Through the fallopian tube, the fertilized egg (embryo) enters the uterus, implants in the lining, and begins to grow.
What is the the right time to try in a cycle or the 'fertile period'?
The period of a cycle during which pregnancy is possible is known as the "fertile window," and it typically lasts for six days, ending on the day of ovulation. Typically, ovulatory cycles span between the start of one period and the start of the next, roughly 24 to 34 days. If periods occur every two to three months or not at all, either ovulation is not occurring or it is occurring seldom.
A lady with a 28-day cycle will ovulate around cycle day 14, which is 14 days after the beginning of her most recent menstrual period. This is because ovulation usually happens 14 days before the subsequent menses (period). That means that if sexual activity takes place during the six days that follow the day of ovulation, the likelihood of pregnancy increasing increases. Women with longer or shorter cycles will have different windows of fertility throughout this time.
How do I know when I am ovulating?
It's critical to ascertain the woman's ovulation date because it determines the viable window. Ovulation can be identified in a number of ways, such as by monitoring changes in cervical mucus, using urine test kits to assess LH levels, documenting basal body temperature (BBT), transvaginal ultrasound, endometrial biopsy, and hormone-level testing via blood tests.
For many women, it is possible to successfully determine their reproductive window by tracking these changes. Vaginal secretions and cervical mucus peak two to three days before ovulation, having begun to rise five to six days earlier. It is also possible to identify the surge in luteinizing hormone (LH) that occurs just before ovulation using urinary ovulation prediction kits. Even if it's done retrospectively, basal body temperature monitoring can be used to predict when a woman will ovulate.
What is the best frequency of intercourse in the fertile window?
During the fertile window, the ideal frequency of intercourse for pregnancy rates is every two to three days. The greatest quality semen is produced by abstaining from sexual activity for two to three days in between ejaculations. Remarkably, irregular sex may reduce the likelihood of sex around ovulation, and extended and shorter (daily) periods of abstinence can lower the quality of semen. During the fertile window, the highest pregnancy rates occur when a couple has sex every two to three days.
Regardless of position during intercourse, sperm discharged or ejaculated into the vagina reach the fallopian tubes within minutes. There's no proof that a particular sexual position, an orgasm, or an extended period of rest following sex boosts the likelihood of getting pregnant. Numerous lubricants lower sperm quality, decrease the likelihood of pregnancy, and ought to be avoided. A fertility specialist's advice should be asked on fertility-safe lubricants.
How can I optimise fertility?
Scientific research suggests that women who are extremely thin or obese, smoke, consume large amounts of alcohol (> 2 drinks per day), caffeine, or recreational drugs have lower fertility. Thus, women who are thinking about getting pregnant should ensure that they are in good enough health to carry a child by taking folic acid-containing prenatal vitamins, maintaining a healthy weight, and giving up alcohol, cigarettes, caffeine, and recreational drugs. Before trying to conceive, one should get the proper medical guidance if there is a coexisting medical problem or a genetic condition in the couple or family.
What are my chances of getting pregnant?
In her twenties is a woman's most reproductive years. After age 35, fertility starts to progressively decrease in the 30s. Twentysomething healthy women have a twenty percent monthly chance of becoming pregnant. When the woman ages and the length of time she spends trying to get pregnant, her capacity to conceive decreases. The monthly chance of conception for a 40-year-old woman is less than 5%. Thus, a woman with regular cycles has a higher probability of getting pregnant if she tries for conception for a longer period of time and at a younger age.
When is the right time to seek medical help?
The standard definition of infertility is the inability to conceive following a year of consistent, unprotected sexual activity. If a couple has been trying to conceive for a year or longer without success, they need to consult a doctor. To avoid delaying possibly necessary therapy, an infertility examination should start after approximately six months of unprotected sexual relations if the female partner is 35 years of age or older, as opposed to a year later.
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Thus, at any point in time you feel infertility is ruining all your happiness in life, do not waste even a moment and book an appointment at Pratham IVF to enjoy parenthood.